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Code of Ethics for Sulh Officers

Syariah Chief Judge has set a code of ethics as follows:

The code of ethics shall be named as Code of Ethics for Sulh Officers


  1. The code of ethics shall be applicable to Sulh Officer during the tenure of his service.
  2. Violation of any provision of this Code of Ethics may become ground for action to be taken under The Public Officers (Conduct and Discipline) Regulation 1993. [PU (A) 395/93]
General responsibility

  1. A Sulh Officer is not allowed to:

    1. Behave in such a manner that may cause reasonable doubt that :–

      • He has let personal interests in conflict with his official duties as a Sulh Officer;
      • He has used his position for his own benefits;

    2. Behave in a dishonest manner or in such a way that will aggravate and defile the good name of Shariah Court.

    3. Neglect his duties in favour of self interest.

    4. Freely mingle with people in a way that may raise doubts about his ability to be fair in his job.

    5. Accept any gift when the gift in any way is related to the performance of his duties.

    6. Undertake any job for getting wages for any institution, company, firm or individual without consent or clear permission by the Shariah Chief Judge.

    7. Give an opinion on any matter or situation that is being discussed or is likely to be an issue in any Sulh session that is being held, as his opinion may later be used by any party to support their arguments.

    8. Borrow money from any person, or be a guarantor to any borrower, or in any way put himself under any financial obligation to any person :-

      • Directly or indirectly subject to his sulh duties or
      • With whom he has or may have official dealings.

    9. Take part in any activity in any political party.

  2. A Sulh Officer shall diligently, and not to delay without any reasonable excuse, settle any sulh case and obey directives issued by the Shariah Chief Judge from time to time.

  3. A Sulh Officer shall in undertaking his duties administer justice as is required by Islamic Law.

  4. A Sulh Officer shall always enhance his knowledge and skills.

Special responsibilities

  1. When a Sulh Officer conducts a Sulh session, he shall :–

    • Not conduct a Sulh session when he is not calm, angry, hungry, thirsty, sleepy, tired and sick;
    • Not leave the Sulh session as scheduled without reasonable excuse or without prior consent from the Shariah Chief Judge;
    • Not conduct a Sulh session where the parties involved is his enemy or friend who is likely to influence him;
    • Act firmly and fairly and not being influenced by circumstances or people who appear before him;
    • Be open, friendly and patient when handling the Sulh session;
    • Ensure that the proceedings of the Sulh session is run in an orderly manner according to Sulh Work Manual and control the situation so that the Sulh session is smoothly run;
    • Encourage the parties to resolve their disputes and reach an agreement voluntarily;
    • Give equal treatment to all parties involved.

  2. A sulh Officer shall :-

    • Be unbiased;
    • Always be neutral;
    • Keep confidential all matters disclosed in the Sulh session;
    • Avoid conflicts of interest;
    • Ensure that he has the skills or expertise in the subject matter of dispute;
    • Cannot advertise his services;
    • Refuse the application to be a witness or counsellor to the parties in the Sulh sessionwhich he has conducted  before;
    • Ensure the safety of all parties in the Sulh session.

Written on: ……………………………….

Prepared by: